Storyboard Tips Camera Tips Lighting Tips Scripting Tips KWN Equipment
KWN Tips


The Preliminaries
The Basics of The Video Camera
  • How does a video camera work

Camera Handling Basics
The “Building Blocks” Of Video………
Some commonly used terms:

  • Shot
  • Sequence
  • Scene
  • Subject
  • Angle

Type of Shots
Moving Shots

  • Either the camera or the subject is moving
Static Shots: basic
  • Camera remains stationary
  • Easiest to watch
  • Basic component of the finished video
  • Static => Move => Static
  • Changing the angle & shot size
Shot Sizes

3 Basic Sizes – terms used in the film industry

Wide Shot (WS) also called Long Shot (LS)
  • View of the overall scene
  • Gives perspective to viewers, where it happened
  • Contains – full figure(s)
  • Medium Shot (MS) – sometimes called Mid-Shot
    Draws attention to the subject
  • Concentrates on an area of interest
  • Good for showing interaction between two or more subjects
  • Contains – upper torso
Close-Up Shot (CU)
  • Shows significant details of actions and expressions
  • Contains – head and lower shoulder

Moving The Camera
Basic Movements

1. Panning
to reveal the surrounding or scan subject
Horizontal sideways movement
  • Taken from fixed position
  • Slow, smooth & continuous
  • Start & end point
  • Moves in one direction only, no reverse
  • Stops smoothly – 3 seconds

2. Tilting
Vertical pan – up & down

  • Taken from fixed vantage point
  • Slow, smooth & continuous
  • Start & end point
  • Moves in one direction only
  • Stops smoothly – 3 seconds
Other Camera Movements:
  • Dollying or Trucking – stationary subject
  • Tracking – moving subject
  • Crabbing – around subject
Zoom In & Out ( T & W)
  • An alternative way to compile static shots into one unit or scene

Tips On Camera Movement Techniques:

  • Keep all movements as smooth and as steady as possible
  • Begins and ends
  • Keep subject centred – headroom & leadroom
  • Practise before recording


  • Arrangement of the various elements within the picture frame
  • Reason for including the element

Simple Rules

  • Make a habit of scanning the picture from side to side
  • Not necessary to put the subject in the centre
  • Fill the frame
Putting Together A Video Story
Types of Videos

Newsreel Video
Compiled or edited from large number of shots & scenes

  • Without any direction or preplanning during the production
  • Examples:- documentary & magazine

Continuity Video

  • Compiled or edited from large number of shots & scenes
  • With direction & preplanning during the production
  • Example:- dramas

The Shot, Scene and Sequence
A Good Video Story Requires Continuity

  • Continuity is the order or arrangement of scenes, both action and static, in a logical, smooth flowing story

How To Put Together?
Be aware of parts and sub-parts of the story

  • In video – shot is used to denote a single composition
  • Scene and sequence are used as divisions within the video stor

Shooting Your First Video

  • Think of what others will see and not just what you see
  • Select a subject
  • Use the simplest shooting techniques, building your sequences with a series of elementary static shot
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